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Indiawood 2020
22 - 26 February 2024 | BIEC, Bengaluru, India
International Trade Fair for Furniture Production Technologies, Woodworking Machinery, Tools, Fittings, Accessories, Raw Materials and Products

Bamboo is witnessing a renaissance, thanks to the revival of a long-forgotten traditional wisdom

The overall demand for wood and wood-based composites grows as a component of economic growth and the world's population grows, while the accessible wood supply diminishes due to global biomass demands for green energy generation.

Bamboo has the potential to be a viable raw material substitute. Bamboo was one of the first building materials used by humans in tropical and subtropical locations. Bamboo is recognised in rural areas as the poor man's lumber due to its vast range of uses. More research is needed on the qualities of bamboo, as well as cost- effective technology and management strategies. Bamboo may be turned into a wide range of products using modern processes and appropriate technology, successfully competing with wood and other raw materials in the future. A new business unit can enter into this industry of manufacturing bamboo wood products, which has high market potential.

Sturdiness and nativity of bamboo in India. There are currently around 15 species of bamboo in India that are suitable for housing. Lastly, a comparison of investments and the scope of production of bamboo and other construction materials such as steel and concrete.


Laminated Bamboo for Structural Applications

While structural bamboo has received limited attention, it appears to have promise as a structurally sound and environmentally benign alternative to high-polluting typical building materials. Though more research and thought should be given to this topic, existing research reveals that LBL could be a good contender for the next mass timber when location, production, and preservation are considered. The cost of LBL varies a lot depending on where you live. The cost savings for locations with local bamboo forests are enormous.

Structural bamboo is unexpectedly robust when compared to hardwood, with up to three times the structural capability of regular wood. Despite this, there are some reservations regarding bamboo's durability, as it decays more quickly than wood if not properly preserved.

Commercial Applications

Bamboo's use has been expanded in order to capitalise on its potential as a sustainable wood fibre. Year after year, progress in theoretical and applied research on bamboo-based goods has improved, allowing them to be used in almost all areas, including construction, furniture, products, transportation, packaging, and others. Bamboo composite was well-received in the international market as a viable alternative to traditional wood interior and outdoor furnishings. Bamboo materials are 10 times stronger than wood materials. Dimensional stability, longevity, weather resistance, high impact resistance, low maintenance, non-toxic, low flame spread, and other benefits can be found in bamboo composite goods.

Furniture:The design is a mechanism to display an awareness of the importance of the needs and quality of life through creative and innovative ways. Because of revenue awareness now, a lot of furniture design in the market is focused on the continuity between current needs and environmental concerns to ensure the life cycle assessment as a result of product benefit. A variety of new furniture designs have been produced using smart materials. They are based on the proven quality of furniture compared to solid wood material. High innovation in bamboo fibre can improve the durability of even bent and shaped materials such as solid wood and other

Construction: Bamboo culms are widely used in construction as structural materials for bridges, water-transportation facilities, and skyscraper scaffolding, as well as flooring, ceilings, walls, windows, doors, fences, housing roofs, trusses, and rafters. It has also been processed into a wide range of goods, including food containers, skewers, chopsticks, handicrafts, toys, furniture, flooring, boats, charcoal, musical instruments, and weapons for domestic use.

Raw material:Bamboo fibres have been employed in a variety of industries, including garments, textiles, automobiles, and pulp and paper. Bamboo is a great raw material for the creation of sustainable household/building products due to its high durability, fire safety, environmental impact, user safety, energy efficiency, and so on. In reality, the household/construction sector consumes 30 to 40% of all bamboo consumed globally each year.

Many novel bamboo products targeting household and construction uses have arisen in recent years as a result of active research and development activities connected to the materials science, chemistry, and environmental ecology of bamboo. Particleboard, medium density fiberboard (MDF), oriented strand board (OSB), mat board, corrugated roofing sheets, timber, beams, flooring, strand woven bamboo (SWB), and glulam are examples of these goods.

Innovations and Application Advancements of Bamboo

There are around 100 economically significant bamboo species. Bamboo's economic and social value are receiving increasing attention, and bamboo products are likely to grow in popularity. Bamboo has become one of the most frequently used wood products, with uses as diverse as indoor and outdoor flooring, furniture, container flooring, structural beams and columns, and wind turbine blades.

Bamboo building technologies have opened up new possibilities for large-scale bamboo building. From long-range beam cross-

laminated bamboo panels to joinery for city structures and residences, bamboo has proven to be safe and durable, and it has been used in major cities all over the world, from Europe to the United States and Southeast Asia. Bamboo is often regarded by architects and designers as the world's most environmentally friendly material. Scientific and technological advancements have resulted in hybrid bio composites from bamboo that may produce a variety of reinforced veneers with a significant impact, particularly in the construction industry.

Performance Advantage

Bamboo is a renewable biomass material with a high annual biomass yield per unit of land area. Bamboo internode cells are placed in a strictly longitudinal direction, with no radially orientated cells like ray cells. These distinct microstructural characteristics, such as low density, high strength, and stiffness, have a considerable impact on bamboo's durability and strength, as well as the manufacturing process of bamboo goods. Bamboo fibre has a tensile strength of 650 MPa, which is comparable to steel (500 to 1000 MPa) and nearly double that of wood. Furthermore, bamboo fibre has a far higher degree of elasticity than steel. The compressive strength of bamboo is in the range of 40 to 80 N/mm2, which is two to four times higher than that of most timber species. In general, bamboo is a lightweight and high-strength biomass material.


In The Future, Where Bamboo Is the Norm in Wood Architecture

Bamboo products can help alleviate the lumber scarcity while also contributing to the global objective of stopping deforestation. More new household or building bamboo items can undoubtedly be expected as more developments and investments are made. Bamboo, which grows quickly, has emerged as a natural alternative to meet the enormous demand from the building and residential markets.

Bamboo matures in three to five years, compared to 20 to 60 years for trees, absorbs ten times more carbon, grows 15 times faster than pine, and creates lumber that is just as strong and durable. Bamboo is also fire and drought-resistant, making it an ideal contender for reclaiming degraded land. Despite its environmental benefits, bamboo's use in construction has been limited due to a lack of a long-term supply of timber-grade bamboo lumber.

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